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Volume 12, Issue 2 (9-2022)                   cmja 2022, 12(2): 126-135 | Back to browse issues page


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Varvani Farahani P, Khosravi S, Sajadi S, Latifi S A, Javaheri J. Effect of a Self-care Training Program Based on Temperament Modification on the Quality of Life of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. cmja 2022; 12 (2) :126-135
URL: http://cmja.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-852-en.html
1- Department of Children's Nursing ,Faculty of Nursing, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran. , mahfarahani313@gmail.com
2- Department of Children's Nursing ,Faculty of Nursing, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
3- Department of Medicine, Traditional and Complementary Medicine Research Center, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
4- Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran.
Abstract:   (1505 Views)
Objective: Considering the high prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its effect on the quality of life (QoL) of patients which can lead to low self-care and increased risk of disease complications, this study aims to assess the effect of a self-care training program based on temperament modification on the QoL of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
Methods: In this quasi-experimental study, 110 patients with T2D were selected by a convenience sampling method and were randomly divided into two groups of intervention and control using the random number table. After obtaining informed consent from them, they completed a demographic from and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF (WHOQOL-BREF) questionnaire, and their temperament was diagnosed by a doctor expert in Iranian traditional medicine. The intervention group received four sessions of self-care training based on temperament modification each for 45 minutes. The control group received routine treatment without any intervention. Then, they completed the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire again three months after the intervention. Data were analyzed in SPSS software, version 22 using chi-square test, paired t-test, and independent t-test. The significant level was set at 0.05.
Results: Before the intervention, there was no significant difference in the quality of life score between the intervention (83.2±11.9) and control (85±9.4) groups (P= 0.194). After the intervention, the difference was significant between the intervention (87.7±11.3) and control (85.1±9.5) groups (P=0.044). There was no significant difference in the quality of life score in control group before and after the intervention (P=0.244).
Conclusion: The self-care program training based on temperament modification can improve the quality of life of patients with T2D.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Traditional medicine

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