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Volume 11, Issue 2 (9-2021)                   cmja 2021, 11(2): 116-127 | Back to browse issues page


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Madadkar Dehkordi‌ S, Noorian K. Comparing the Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation Technique and Aromatherapy With Rosemary Oil on Preoperative Anxiety in General Surgery Candidates. cmja. 2021; 11 (2) :116-127
URL: http://cmja.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-818-en.html
1- Depatment of Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord Branch, Shahrekord, Iran. , shirinmadadkar@gmail.com
2- Department of Operating Room, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran.
Abstract:   (668 Views)
Objective: Anxiety is one of the most common problems of patients before surgery. This study aims to compare the effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) technique and aromatherapy with rosemary oil on preoperative anxiety in candidates for general surgery.The aim of this study was to determine the effect of progressive muscle relaxation technique and aromatherapy with rosemary on preoperative anxiety in candidates for general surgery. This study aimed to determine the effect of progressive muscle relaxation techniques and aromatherapy with rose on preoperative anxiety in patients undergoing general surgery was performed. Anxiety is one of the most common problems of patients before surgery. Anxiety is one of the most common disorders in patients prior to surgery
Methods: In this clinical trial, participants were 90 patients who were candidates for general surgery referred to Ayatollah Kashani Hospital in Shahrekord, Iran in 2018. After obtaining informed written consent from them, they were randomly divided into three groups: PMR (n=30), aromatherapy (n=30) and control (n=30). The intervention was performed one hour before the surgery. Data collection tools were a demographic form and the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale - 21 Items. Collected data were analyzed using chi-square test, paired t-test, and one-way analysis of variance in SPSS v.21 software.In both groups, the intervention was performed by the patient one hour before the operation. In both groups an hour before the operation was performed by the patient. Data collection tools included demographic characteristics questionnaire, 21-item DASS anxiety scale. Data collection tools included demographic questionnaires anxiety scale survey had 21 questions DASS.
In this clinical trial, 90 patients who were candidates for general surgery referred to Ayatollah Kashani Hospital in Shahrekord in 1398 were randomly divided into three groups: relaxation (30), aromatherapy (30) and control (30). In this clinical trial, 90 patients undergoing general surgery hospital Ayatollah Kashani In 1398 randomly into three groups: relaxation (30), aromatherapy (30) and control (30) were divided. In both groups, relaxation and aromatherapy techniques were performed by the patient one hour before the operation. In both groups, relaxation techniques and aromatherapy one hour before surgery was performed by the patient. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 21. Data using SPSS version 21 was analyzed. Data collection tools included demographic characteristics questionnaire, 21-item DASS Anxiety Scale (DASS 21). Data collection tools included demographic questionnaires anxiety scale survey had 21 questions DASS. In both groups, relaxation and aromatherapy techniques were performed by the patient one hour before the operation. In both groups, relaxation techniques and aromatherapy one hour before surgery was performed by the patient.
Results: Mean pre-intervention anxiety score was 16.97±2.77 and 16.80±2.66 in the PMR and aromatherapy groups, respectively (P˃0.05), which decreased to 16.03±2.54 and 15.03±2.88 after the intervention (P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of anxiety and the two methods were not superior to each other.
But after the intervention, this difference became significant (P<0.05). But after this difference was significant (P<0.05). The results showed that the mean scores of anxiety before the intervention between the three groups were not statistically significant (P>0.05). Results showed that the mean score of anxiety before the intervention showed no significant difference between the three groups (P<0.05). Also, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of the studied variable and the two methods of progressive muscle relaxation and aromatherapy were not superior to each other. Also compared between the two groups there was no significant difference variable and progressive muscle relaxation and aromatherapy superior to each other did not.
Conclusion: PMR and aromatherapy with rosemary oil can be used in clinics to reduce the level of anxiety in patients before general surgery. According to the results of the study, it can be suggested that relaxation and aromatherapy be used to reduce the level of anxiety of patients before general surgery in the clinic. According to the results, it can be suggested that the relaxation and aromatherapy to reduce the level of public anxiety before surgery was clinical.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing and Midwifery

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