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Volume 11, Issue 4 (3-2022)                   cmja 2022, 11(4): 316-329 | Back to browse issues page


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Asadi Mobarakeh M, Ziaeirad M. Comparing the Effect of Aromatherapy With Geranium and Lemon Essential Oil on Situational Anxiety and Physiological Indices of Patients After Coronary Angioplasty. cmja. 2022; 11 (4) :316-329
URL: http://cmja.arakmu.ac.ir/article-1-819-en.html
1- Community Health Research Center, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.
2- Community Health Research Center, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran. , mziaeirad@gmail.com
Abstract:   (459 Views)
Objective: Postoperative anxiety, such as coronary artery bypass graft surgery, is one of the most common stressors in this group of patients, which can endanger their physical and mental health. This study aimed to compare the effect of aromatherapy with geranium and lemon essential oil on situational anxiety and physiological indices of patients after coronary angioplasty.
Methods: In this placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial study, 150 patients undergoing coronary angioplasty were selected by convenience sampling method and obtained their informed written consent. They were randomly divided into three groups: geranium essential oil, lemon essential oil, and the control group. The patients’ anxiety was measured using a situational anxiety questionnaire before and after the intervention. Also, the physiological indices of patients were measured before and after the intervention. Data analysis was performed at descriptive and inferential levels (analysis of covariance and the Kruskal-Wallis test) in SPSS version 22.
Results: The effect of aromatherapy with geranium essential oil on reducing anxiety (35.94±8.64) in patients was significantly greater than aromatherapy with lemon essential oil (44.16±8.72) and almond oil (41.14±5.08) (P<0.001). There was no significant difference between the effect of aromatherapy with almond oil (41.14±5.08) and lemon essential oil (44.16±8.72) in reducing patients’ anxiety (P = 0.241). Also, the effect of aromatherapy with geranium essential oil on reducing pulse rate and systolic blood pressure was significantly greater than aromatherapy with lemon essential oil (P <0.001).
Conclusion: According to the results of the present study on the effect of aromatherapy on anxiety in patients after angioplasty, it is recommended to use aromatherapy as a complementary and low-risk treatment to reduce anxiety in this group of patients.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing and Midwifery

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